Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World with Images and Size

Mount Everest

The highest mountain in the world is a fascinating and fantastic place that captivates people everywhere. This incredible peak can be found in the Himalayas and shows us how powerful and beautiful nature is. It also shows us how determined humans are to explore and conquer the unknown.

Many mountains on this list provide different challenges and adventures for climbers and explorers. Each hill offers a unique experience, from the towering heights of Mount Everest to the rocky slopes of K2 and the breathtaking views of Kangchenjunga, to name a few.

Even though climbing these mountains is risky and difficult, they still attract people worldwide who want to test their strength, bravery, and endurance. These mountains are the ultimate challenge.

This article will explore the top 10 tallest mountains in the world. We will learn about their unique features and discover the challenges and rewards they offer those brave enough to climb them.

1. Mount Everest – 8,848 meters (29,029 feet)

Mount Everest

At 8,848 meters above sea level, Mount Everest is the world’s tallest mountain. It is situated in the Himalayas, on the border between Nepal and Tibet. In Nepal, it is called Sagarmatha; in Tibet, it is known as Chomolungma.

A British general surveyor who had worked on mapping the Indian subcontinent named the mountain after Sir George Everest, who measured its height for the first time in 1856. In 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal, reached Mount Everest’s summit, becoming the first people to do so.

2. K2 – 8,611 meters (28,251 feet)

Mount K2, also known as Chhogori or Godwin-Austen, is the second-highest peak in the world, with an altitude of 8,611 meters (28,251 feet) above sea level. It is located in the Karakoram Mountains on the border between Pakistan and China.

The name K2 comes from the survey designation given to the mountain during the Great Trigonometry Survey of India, which was labeled as Karakoram 2. The K2 climb is considered one of the world’s most challenging and dangerous climbs.

Unpredictability and high altitude can cause altitude sickness and other health problems for climbers. In 1954, an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio reached the top of K2 for the first time.

3. Kangchenjunga – 8,586 meters (28,169 ft.)

Kangchenjunga

Kangchenjunga Mountains are located in the eastern Himalayas, on the border between Nepal and India. It is the third-highest peak in the world. It is 8,586 meters (28,169 feet) above sea level.

The name Kangchenjunga means “Five Treasures of the Snows” in Tibetan, referring to the mountain’s five peaks.

Many locals consider The mountain sacred and a popular destination for mountain climbers and trekkers worldwide. In 1955, a British expedition headed by Charles Evans achieved the inaugural successful climb to the peak of Kangchenjunga.

4. Lhotse – 8,516 meters (27,940 ft)

Lhotse

The Lhotse Mountains are located near Mount Everest on the border between Nepal and Tibet. It is the fourth-highest peak in the world. It is 8,516 meters (27,940 feet) above sea level.

The name Lhotse means “Southern Peak” in Tibetan, referring to its position south of Mount Everest. The mountain is known for its rugged terrain, ice, and challenging climbing conditions, with many climbers considering it one of the most difficult mountains to climb in the world.

The first successful ascent, Lhotse, was carried out in 1956 by a Swiss team led by Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger.

5. Makalu – 8,485 meters (27,838 ft)

On the border between Nepal and Tibet, the Makalu Mountains are located in the Mahalangur Himalayas. This is the world’s fifth-highest peak, with an elevation of 8,485 meters (27,838 feet) above sea level.

The mountain is called after the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity. It’s renowned for its tough landscape and demanding climbing conditions.

The mountain is also home to a rich biodiversity, with various species of plants and animals surrounding Makalu’s first successful ascent, made in 1955 by a French team led by Jean Franco and Lionel Terray.

6. Cho Oyu – 8,188 meters (26,864 ft)

The Cho Oyu Mountains are situated in the Himalayas, spanning the boundary between Nepal and Tibet. They rank as the sixth-tallest summit globally, reaching a height of 8,188 meters (26,864 feet) above the sea.

Cho Oyu means “Goddess of Turquoise” in Tibetan, referring to the mountain’s striking turquoise color caused by glacial ice covering its slopes and challenging climbing conditions. The location is a famous trekking and mountaineering destination worldwide. In 1954, an Austrian team led by Joseph Jochler accomplished the first successful climb to Cho Oyu mountain.

7. Dhaulagiri – 8,167 meters (26,795 feet)

Dhaulagiri

Dhaulagiri Mountains are located in central Nepal, in the Himalayas. It is the seventh-highest peak in the world, with an elevation of 8,167 meters (26. 795 feet) above sea level.

Dhaulagiri means “White Mountain” in Sanskrit, referring to snow-capped peaks and icy slopes.

The mountain is known for its rugged and remote terrain and challenging climbing conditions and is a popular destination for mountaineers worldwide.

The first successful ascent of Dhaulagiri was made in 1960 by a Swiss-Austrian team led by Max Eiselin.

8. Manaslu – 8,163 meters (26,781 feet)

The Manaslu Mountains are located in the northern part of Nepal, near the border with Tibet. This is the highest peak eighth in the world, at 8,163 meters (26,781 feet) above sea level.

The mountain is named after the Sanskrit word “Manasa,” which means “intellect” or “soul,” and is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful and awe-inspiring mountains in the world.

The Manaslu Mountains are known for their rugged and remote terrain and challenging climbing conditions, and Meru is a popular destination fodder for experienced mountaineers worldwide.

The first successful ascent of Manaslu was made in 1956 by a Japanese team led by Toshio Imanishi.

9. Nanga Parbat – 8,126 meters (26,660 ft)

Nanga Parbat

Nanga Parbat is a mountain range located in the western part of the Himalayas, on the border between India and Pakistan. It is the ninth-highest peak in the world, with an elevation of 8,126 meters (26,660 ft) above sea level.

The mountain’s reputation is built upon its rough terrain and demanding climbing conditions. It’s widely seen as one of the most challenging mountains to ascend.

Nanga Parbat means “Naked Mountain” in Urdu, referring to the mountain’s striking appearance, characterized by sheer rock faces and vertical cliffs.
In 1953, a team of climbers from Germany and Austria, led by Hermann Buhl, achieved the first successful climb to the summit of Nanga Parbat.

10. Annapurna – 8,091 meters (26,545 ft.)

Annapurna

The Annapurna Mountains are located in central Nepal, in the Himalayas. This is a series of peaks, of which the highest is Annapurna I, which stands at 8,091 meters (26,545 feet) above sea level.

It is challenging and is a popular destination for experienced mountaineers worldwide. Annapurna comes from Sanskrit, meaning “Goddess of the Harvest,” reflecting the region’s rich agricultural traditions.

In 1950, a team of climbers from France, led by Maurice Herzog, achieved the first successful climb to the summit of Annapurna I. The 10 highest mountains in the world stand as a testament to nature’s enduring power and majesty and humanity’s desire to explore and conquer.

Each peak on this list presents unique challenges and rewards, from Mount Everest’s icy slopes to Annapurna Hike’s steep terrain.
These mountains require a combination of strength, skill, and perseverance, and those who attempt the climb often face extreme danger and difficulty.

Despite the risks involved, climbers and adventurers are constantly drawn to these peaks, inspired by the spirit of exploration and the desire to push their limits.

As we continue to explore and appreciate these extraordinary mountains, we are reminded of nature’s timeless power and beauty and the limitless potential of the human spirit.

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