Top 6 Programming Languages to Learn in 2023

Top 6 Programming Languages to Learn in 2023

Hey, Today we’ll discuss the Top 6 languages you can learn this year in 2023. The technological Landscape always evolves and is everchanging.

Similarly, the trend of languages also changes, but here’s the list of the Top 6 languages for this year!

1. Golang and Go

The adoption of Go has widely increased, especially in the backend systems. Today, it is being used in Uber, Netflix, Dropbox and many big companies like that. In India, many startups use the Go language for their backend, automation, cloud, and other things.

The reason behind the increasing adoption of Go is it is beginner-friendly. Google has designed this language carefully, making it easy to read, write and learn.

So, in this article, I’ll rate every language on 3 parameters out of 5.

First – How beginner friendly the language is? So that you could learn it.

Second – How good is community support? Because community support helps when you’re stuck, tells you not to worry, and feeds motivation to rise and resume learning.

And most important Third – Industry Adoption because when the Industry adopts it, their jobs will only rise. Go has community support – 4/5. It has a perfect community.

And thirdly, Industry adoption of Go is also increasing, so it gets 4/5 for Industry Adoption.

2. Rust

Rust has also become very popular in the past few years. See, Rust was designed for system programming. It is made fast, safe and concurrent.

Safe is very important; whatever language is used for system programming needs to be very safe. C and C++ had the problem of too many attack vectors open.

It has been made such that you can avoid making mistakes as a programmer, as it is a very safe language. But this creates a problem too. It could be more beginner friendly. Thus I’ll rate it 3/5 in beginner friendliness.

The community of Rust is lovely and very supportive. Despite not being beginner friendly, if you go to the community, you are duly taught.

I have attended 2-3 workshops on Rust, a wonderful community. So I’ll rate it 5/5 for the community. Regarding Industry adoption, many big companies are betting on Rust.

Whether it is Google, Microsoft or DropBox, Dropbox has written its entire system on Rust and done much with it. Microsoft also has a big bet on Rust.

Not only this, every recent Node.js package and the build tools are written in Rust. And this is why all these tools and build times are becoming faster.

So many people are betting on Rust, so I’ll rate it 4/5 on Industry adoption.

3. Python

Thirdly- Python is a very versatile language, and there is nothing you can’t do using Python. But, nowadays, Python is used mostly for Data Analytics, Machine Learning, and AI.

Everyone is using Python. Another special thing about it is its high beginner friendliness. Thus if someone asks me if I don’t know anything about programming and don’t want to learn JavaScript, I want to learn programming only for “programming,” then I recommend them to learn Python.

Learning Python is straightforward, as it is very beginner friendly, and if you merge Python with Data and AI, it is being used in big companies like Google, Microsoft, and NASA.

Python is being used everywhere. Python is used lesser for the backend. People say this and that are made in Python, but there are lesser scalable backend systems in Python.

But in AI, AI Research and Data, Python is killing it 🔪! And which is why I give it 5/5 in Industry Adoption. Community support is also excellent; be it a child or adult, everyone knows, learns, understands and can teach Python.

With beginner-friendly, you make fewer mistakes; thus, I give it 5/5 in community support too.

4. Java Script

Now comes my favourite language; everyone knows my bias toward Java Script. Why is this bias? Because it runs everywhere- Frontend, Node.js in the backend. And whichever company it might be, if they want to get a website or a web app built for them or create it, then JavaScript becomes mandatory.

The demand for JS developers is through the roof. Also, because of React Native, many mobile apps are written in JavaScript.

Thus, the demand for Java Script is excellent, so it gets 5/5 on Industry adoption. JS Community is also lovely; everyone talks nicely irrespective of their stature, and indiscipline in the community is treated harshly.

Thus JS community is very inclusive, lovely, and supportive, so I give it 5/5 in the community. But this is a little beginner friendly.

Why? Because a few complex things or quirks of JS worry beginners and think, what has happened in it? So you have to understand a lot to understand Java Script as a beginner, which is why I’ll rate it 4/5 on beginner friendliness.

5. Kotlin

Kotlin Programming Language

On rank five, we have Kotlin. Kotlin is running very well, as Java was more verbose. One had to write more in Java. So, Kotlin has come to replace it.

All the best practices are quickly followed in Kotlin. Not only that, you can nowadays write your Android app in both languages simultaneously.

Some youSomeYou can write screens in Java and some in Kotlin, improving interoperability. And people are writing backend heavily in Kotlin.

The adoption of Kotlin has increased significantly as a backend language. Thus overall, JavaScript lovers are becoming Kotlin lovers too, which is why I give it 4/5 in Industry adoption.

Since it is relatively new, I’m deducting 1 point. It has one more issue because of being new that several beginner-friendly tutorials and data still need to be created.

That’s why in beginner friendliness, I’ll deduct 1 point Second problem is it being a statically typed language. It needs time.

If you’re new and have yet to do any programming language, learning Python or Java Script becomes much more accessible because you don’t have to care about the data type there.

In Kotlin, you have to ensure that, which is why I’m deducting 1 more point in beginner friendliness. So Kotlin gets 3/5 in beginner friendliness from me. In Industry adoption, it gets 4/5 because it is new.

But the community of Kotlin is lovely; it is small for now and hasn’t evolved into a big one for now, so I deduct 1 point for it. In community support, Kotlin gets 4/5.

6. Swift

Swift Programming Language

In 6th position comes Swift. Swift is a very powerful language, and you can make MacOS and iOS apps using it. Earlier, if you had to write iOS apps, you had to learn Objective C.

Swift is a modern version of that, or a modern alternative, which is becoming popular nowadays. Apple is using it already, along with LinkedIn, but nowadays, every mobile and desktop app developer uses Swift.

But Swift, like Kotlin, is a statically typed language, which is why it could be more beginner-friendly. Not only this, Swift has another problem that it has a steep learning curve.

It needs time, and many things must be understood to master Swift. This is why I rate Swift 3/5 in beginner friendliness. Its community is also good; sufficient help is provided. People are well-behaved, but it is smaller than Python or JavaScript, so I deduct 1 point and give 4/5 on community.

Lastly, coming to Industry adoption, See, it is getting adopted in the Industry but at a slow pace as several people are writing in Objective C while many are writing apps in React Native.

In India, its adoption is relatively lesser, so I give it 4/5 in Industry adoption.

Disclaimer:

Before going, listen to this one thing I’ve to say. You must think that you can learn only some of the 6 languages. NO!

You pick any one language! My bias – Java Script! You choose any one language, learn and understand it properly and take your first job with it, but when you have the job, you’ll have the time on the weekend.

So which language to pick, then? I’ve been doing this for a very long time. Rust and have learnt Kotlin a little too. This way, you can try a few languages to see the language’s paradigms, designs and architecture. Out of these six, one will secure a job for you, and the rest five will keep you interested.

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