Top 10 Hottest Places on Earth

The world is home to some of the hottest places on earth, where temperatures soar to unimaginable heights. Imagine the searing heat of 70 degrees Celsius in the first spot alone. It’s a searing inferno that can melt even the toughest rubber products.

While summer gradually brings rising temperatures and prompts us to seek relief with air conditioners and refreshing watermelons, there are certain places that remain hot year-round. But what about the very top?

In this exciting exploration, we’ll reveal the world’s ten hottest places and take you on an exhilarating journey to discover these extreme locations.

9. Danakil Desert

At number 10, we have the remarkable Danakil Desert, located in northeastern Ethiopia. This desert is unlike any we typically imagine. Forget endless stretches of yellow sand; the Danakil Desert is a vibrant canvas of color.

A world of wonders awaits, including the world’s lowest land volcano, Dallol Volcano, nestled near the crater. The intense heat from the magma below scorches the underground rivers, causing the water to evaporate.

As the water vapor rises, it dissolves and carries soluble minerals to the desert surface. Hot springs gush with supersaturated saltwater, while high surface temperatures evaporate the water in the brine, resulting in the gradual crystallization of salt at high temperatures.

These surreal sights are not for the faint of heart, however, as the scorching temperatures persist year-round. Sulfur springs and boiling gases from Rock Lake add to the heat, making it an inhospitable destination.

8. Turpan Basin

Ranked ninth, the scorching Turpan Basin in Xinjiang is known for its intense heat and fascinating climate. It gained fame as the Flaming Mountain in the classic tale Journey to the West.

This warm temperate continental arid desert lives up to its fiery reputation, with temperatures that feel like an all-encompassing blaze. Surrounded by towering mountains, the basin’s temperature rises quickly but cools slowly, creating a distinct climate pattern.

The highest recorded summer temperature soared to a sweltering 49.6 degrees Celsius, while surface temperatures reached an astounding 89 degrees Celsius. Such extreme heat allows raw eggs to be cooked within minutes when buried in the scorching sand.

In addition to its searing climate, Turpan is famous for its orchards. It boasts the largest temperature difference between day and night, sometimes as much as 20 degrees Celsius.

This contrast is attributed to the basin’s low relative humidity, which prevents the full development of water vapor. Abundant sunshine and extreme temperature fluctuations create optimal conditions for fruit to accumulate high sugar content, resulting in exceptionally delicious flavors.

Welcome to Coober Pedy, Australia, the enchanting town that holds the title of Opal Capital of the World. Located 846 kilometers north of Adelaide, this legendary and bustling destination is a hidden gem in the heart of the desert.

As you enter Coober Pedy, you’ll find yourself surrounded by a seemingly deserted landscape, with only a few buildings dotting the horizon. But beneath the surface lies a remarkable mystery.

In 1915, patrolmen stumbled upon massive opal mines, leading to an overnight influx of wealth and people. But with surface temperatures often soaring into the 40s and occasionally reaching a scorching 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit), the blistering heat and hot sand posed a challenge to the inhabitants.

Undeterred, they went underground, digging directly into the earth to create a thriving subterranean city. Complete with churches, museums, bars, and even underground hotels, this subterranean metropolis dazzles visitors with its exquisite and breathtaking decor.

Residents also enjoy the advantage of escaping the high cost of housing, as expanding their homes is as simple as digging deeper into the earth.

7. Khartoum

Heading to Sudan, we find ourselves in Khartoum, the seventh hottest place on our list. Located between the Tropic of Cancer, Sudan basks in direct sunlight year-round and experiences two summers each year.

The first summer lasts from March to May in southern Sudan, while the second summer lasts from October to November. This unique climate has earned Khartoum the reputation of being the “Oven of the World”.

As the capital of Sudan, Khartoum sits at the confluence of the White and Blue Nile Rivers, surrounded by a vast desert landscape. The city’s average annual temperature reaches a scorching 28.7 degrees Celsius, with the highest recorded temperature reaching a staggering 51 degrees Celsius.

The locals have come up with a fascinating way to take advantage of the intense heat. They bury an iron kettle filled with cold water and tea leaves in the sand, allowing it to heat up quickly. The heat in Khartoum is so intense that even the Nile offers no respite.

The riverbank, hotter than the city’s interior, emits steam from the scorching sun, making it an inhospitable place to cool off. The concrete floor along the riverbank gets so hot that you can even fry eggs with a little cooking oil. It feels like being in a high-temperature steamboat, with dense, hot steam leaving you breathless.

6. Kuwait City

Moving on to the sixth hottest place on our list, we find ourselves in Kuwait City. Geographically located in the western part of Asia on the northeastern Arabian Peninsula, Kuwait City is surrounded by an endless expanse of desert.

The region experiences a tropical desert climate characterized by long and scorching summers that can last for nearly half the year. It is not uncommon for temperatures to soar above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), with occasional highs exceeding 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).

Such extreme heat makes it virtually impossible for crops to survive, leading Kuwait to rely heavily on imports for its agricultural needs. However, Kuwait has abundant reserves of oil and natural gas, with its oil reserves accounting for a significant 10% of the world’s total reserves.

As the capital of Kuwait, Kuwait City serves as the hub of the country’s political, economic, and cultural activities. It also serves as an important international channel for maritime trade in the Persian Gulf.

The average temperature in Kuwait City reaches a scorching 46.9 degrees Celsius, and the highest temperature ever recorded in the city is a sweltering 54 degrees Celsius (129.2 degrees Fahrenheit).

5. Timbuktu

We have now arrived at the fifth hottest place on our list, which is Timbuktu. Located at the crossroads of trade routes in the Sahara Desert in West Africa, Timbuktu is a historic city in the Republic of Mali.

The local climate falls under the tropical desert category, characterized by high temperatures and minimal rainfall throughout the year. The average temperature in Timbuktu hovers around 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit), with the highest recorded temperature reaching a scorching 54.4 degrees Celsius (129.9 degrees Fahrenheit).

Mali, the country in which Timbuktu is located, has faced developmental challenges and is considered one of the least developed nations in the world. Only 2% of the country’s land is arable, yet agriculture remains a significant source of employment for about 80% of the workforce.

Timbuktu, with its rich history, has served as a vital meeting point between Arab and African civilizations, fostering vibrant trade and contributing to its diverse ethnic composition. Timbuktu has also been a renowned center of culture and intellectual pursuits. It attracted Muslim scholars and saints, becoming a birthplace for numerous influential books and manuscripts.

4. Tunisia

Number 4 on the list of hottest places brings us to the Republic of Tunisia. Specifically, the city of Kebili in central Tunisia experiences extreme heat. Tunisia is located at the northernmost tip of the African continent, close to the Mediterranean Sea.

The country serves as an important route for transporting oil from the Middle East to Western Europe and the United States. Approximately 40% of Tunisia’s land area is covered by the Sahara Desert.

The northern part of the country has a subtropical Mediterranean climate, while the southern part has a tropical continental desert climate. During the summer in Tunisia, the air is incredibly dry, lacking any moisture.

Kebili, located on the edge of the Sahara Desert, is mostly desert but still attracts thousands of tourists every year. Many of these tourists come from North Africa and visit Kebili to escape the heat.

They find the weather in Kebili relatively cool compared to their home regions, with an average temperature of around 33 degrees Celsius (91.4 degrees Fahrenheit).

3. Death Valley  

Third on the list of hottest places is Death Valley in California, USA. Death Valley is located in the desert and holds the distinction of being the lowest point in North America as well as the driest place. Rainfall is extremely rare in this area.

Temperatures in Death Valley have reached record-breaking levels, with temperatures exceeding 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) for more than six consecutive weeks.

Surviving in this extreme environment is a challenge that pushes the limits of human endurance. The average summer temperature in Death Valley reaches around 47 degrees Celsius (116.6 degrees Fahrenheit), earning it its ominous name.

The name “Death Valley” comes from the experiences of gold miners who ventured into California in search of riches. Many of them perished crossing this searing land.

On July 10, 1913, Death Valley recorded a scorching temperature of 56.7 degrees Celsius (134.1 degrees Fahrenheit), holding the world record for the highest temperature ever recorded. During the day, the desolate landscape is eerily silent, but at night it comes alive with a variety of wildlife. Desert geckos, foxes, bighorn sheep, eagles, and other creatures call this harsh environment home.

2. Libya

Second on the list of hottest places is Ajdabiya, Libya. Ajdabiya is a city in North Africa, about 40 kilometers south of Pori, the capital of Libya. It is less than an hour’s drive from the Mediterranean Sea.

Libya itself is known for its scorching temperatures, with most regions experiencing temperatures above 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit) during the summer. The country is characterized by hot and dry winds that blow in from the southern Sahara, causing temperatures to soar to 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).

The entire region is dominated by desert landscapes devoid of vegetation. However, Libya is blessed with abundant oil resources, which have contributed to its wealth in the past. The economy is heavily dependent on these oil reserves.

Ajdabiya experiences extremely high temperatures during the summer, with an average temperature of around 48 degrees Celsius (118.4 degrees Fahrenheit).

1. Iran

The first place on the list of the hottest places on earth goes to the Lut Desert in Iran. The Lut Desert is located in southeastern Iran, and the period from June to October is considered the hottest time in the region.

Strong winds are common in the area, resulting in the formation of extensive sand dunes and a unique wind-carved landscape known as the Yadan landform. These distinctive ridges can even be seen from space, and due to its exceptional natural environment, the Lut Desert was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016.

The Lut Desert is often referred to as “toasted wheat” due to its appearance when observed by NASA satellites. The temperature in this desert has reached an astonishing record high of 70.7 degrees Celsius (159.3 degrees Fahrenheit), as measured by satellite.

One of the reasons for such extreme temperatures is the blackened surface of the desert, which is composed of volcanic lava. The black color absorbs heat, and the vast expanse of black volcanic rock in the Lut Desert absorbs heat from sunlight, contributing to its searing temperatures. Due to its extreme conditions, the Lut Desert is considered a virtually uninhabitable and inhospitable region, earning the title of No Man’s Land.

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